## How to calculate Body Mass Index?

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on a person's height and weight.

**To calculate BMI, you can use the following formula: (BMI Calculator Formula)**
BMI = weight (kg) / (height (m))^2

Also, we have provided the BMI calculator above.

### Here's a step-by-step guide:

1.

**Convert weight to kilograms**: If your weight is in pounds, divide it by 2.205 to get the weight in kilograms.

2.

**Convert height to meters**: If your height is in inches, divide it by 39.37 to get the height in meters. If your height is in feet, first multiply the feet by 12 to get inches and then divide by 39.37 to get the height in meters.

3.

**Square the height in meters**: Multiply the height in meters by itself (height * height).

4.

**Divide weight by the squared height**: Divide the weight in kilograms by the squared height in meters.

**For example:**
Let's say someone weighs 70 kilograms and is 1.75 meters tall.

BMI = 70 kg / (1.75 m * 1.75 m)

BMI = 70 kg / 3.0625 m^2

BMI ≈ 22.86

**Once you have calculated your BMI, you can interpret it using standard ranges:**
- Underweight: BMI less than 18.5

- Normal weight: BMI between 18.5 and 24.9

- Overweight: BMI between 25 and 29.9

- Obesity: BMI of 30 or greater

**Interpretation:**
**Underweight:** This category may indicate a person is below the healthy weight range and could be at risk for certain health problems like nutritional deficiencies and weakened immune function.

**Normal weight:** Falling within this range is generally associated with lower health risks compared to higher or lower BMI categories.

**Overweight:** This category may suggest an increased risk for health problems like heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure.

**Obesity:** Being in this category significantly increases the risk for various health issues, including cardiovascular diseases, certain cancers, and metabolic disorders.

### BMI Calculator for Kids/Children and Teens

BMI (Body Mass Index) for children is calculated similarly to adults but interpreted differently due to their changing growth patterns. It's used as a screening tool to assess whether a child's weight falls within a healthy range for their height and age. However, interpreting BMI for children involves additional considerations:

The BMI formula is same for adult and kids/teens which is given above.

**Interpretation:**
Instead of using fixed categories like in adults, BMI in children and teens is interpreted based on percentile ranges, which account for age and gender. The BMI percentile indicates a child's BMI in relation to other children of the same age and gender.

**Underweight:** BMI below the 5th percentile

**Healthy weight:** BMI between the 5th and 85th percentile

**Overweight:** BMI between the 85th and 95th percentile

**Obese:** BMI at or above the 95th percentile

**Considerations:**
**Age and Gender:** Growth patterns and body composition vary with age and gender, so BMI percentiles are specific to these factors.

**Growth Charts:** Pediatricians use growth charts provided by organizations like the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) to plot a child's BMI and interpret it within the context of their growth over time.

**Assessment Over Time:** BMI percentiles should be tracked over multiple measurements to observe trends in a child's growth rather than relying on a single measurement.

**Disclaimer**
Keep in mind that BMI is a useful initial screening tool, but it doesn't directly measure body fat or account for factors like muscle mass or distribution of weight. It's always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional for a more comprehensive assessment.